United States Department of Veterans Affairs
Research Advisory Committee on Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses

Research Update - June 2005

 The following journal articles were distributed for review in June 2005.  You can access the article's abstract by copying the paper title and pasting it into the search bar of the PubMed website, linked here. 


Research Relevant to Gulf War Service and Exposures
 
1. Evaluation of the effect of implanted depleted uranium on male reproductive success, sperm concentration, and sperm velocity.  (Arfsten DP, et al.  Environ Health Perspect.  Jun 3, 2005 [Epub ahead of print])
 
2. Acquired nucleic acid changes may trigger sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.  (Armon C.  Muscle Nerve.  Jun 9, 2005 [Epub ahead of print])
 
3. Book Review: Vaccine A - The covert government experiment that's killing our soldiers and why GI's are only the first victims.  (Axelsen PH.  JAMA.  Jun 1, 2005; 293(21): 2664)
 
4. Probable topical permethrin-induced neck dystonia.  (Coleman CI, et al.  Pharmacotherapy.  March 2005; 25(3): 448-450)
 
5. The quantitative analysis of uranium isotopes in the urine of the civilian population of eastern Afghanistan after Operation Enduring Freedom.  (Durakovic A.  Mil Med.  Apr 2005; 170(4): 277-284)
 
6. Gulf War veterans' health: medical evaluation of a U.S. cohort.   (Eisen SA, et al.  Ann Intern Med.  Jun 7, 2005; 142(11); 881-890)
[Also see related article:  Summaries for patients: The health of Gulf War veterans.  (Ann Intern Med.  Jun 7, 2005; 142(11): I22)]
 
7. Documented combat exposure of US veterans seeking treatment for combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder.  (Frueh  BC  , et al.  Br J Psychiatry.  Jun 2005; 186: 467-472)
 
8. Changes in erythrocyte enzymes in humans long-term exposed to pesticides - Influence of several markers of individual susceptibility.(Hernandez AF, et al.  Toxicol Lett.  May 24, 2005 [Epub ahead of print])
 
9. Neuromechanical effects of pyrethroids, allethrin, cyhalothrin and deltamethrin on the cholinergic processes in rat brain.  (Hossain MM, et al.  Lif Sci.  Jul 1, 2005; 77(7): 795-807)
 
10. Can epidemiology clear the fog of war? Lessons from the 1990-1991 Gulf War.  (Hotopf M, Wessely S.  Int J. Epidemiol.  May 23, 2005 [Epub ahead of print])
 
11.
 Embedded weapons-grade tungsten alloy shrapnel rapidly induces metastatic high-grade rhabdomyosarcomas in f344 rats.  (Kalinich JF, et al.  Environ Health Perspect.  Jun 2005; 113(6): 729-734)
 
12. Unexplained suffering in the aftermath of war.  (Komaroff AL, et al.  Ann Intern Med.  Jun 7, 2005; 142(11): 938-939)
 
13. The brain is a target organ after acute exposure to depleted uranium.  (Lestaevel P, et al.  Toxicology.  Jun 9, 2005; [Epub ahead of print])
 
14. Long-term hematological and immunological complications of sulfur mustard poisoning in Iranian veterans.  (Mahmoudi M, et al.  Int Immunopharmacol.  Aug 2005; 5(9): 1479-1485)
 
15. A link between ALS and shortresidence on Guam.  (Majoor-Krakauer D, et al. Neurology.  May 24, 2005; 64(10): 1819-1820)
 
16. Chronic cholinergic imbalances promote brain diffusion and transport abnormalities.  (Meshorer E, et al.  FASEB J.  Jun 2005; 19(8): 910-922)
 
17. Genetic polymorphisms and activity of PON1 in Mexican population.  (Rojas-Garcia AE, et al.  Toxicol Appl Pharmacol.  Jun 15, 2005)
 
18. Chronic neuropsychological sequelae of cholinesterase inhibitors in the absence of structural brain damage: two cases of acute poisoning.  (Roldan-Tapi L, et al.  Environ Health Perspect.  Jun 2005; 113(6): 762-766)
 
19. Do cytosine guanine dinucleotide (CpG) fragments induce vasoactive neuropeptide mediated fatigue-related autoimmune disorders?  (Staines DR  .  Med Hypotheses.  2005; 65(2): 370-373)
 
20. Acute military psychiatric casualties from the war in Iraq.  (Turner MA, et al.  Br J Psychiatry.  Jun 2005; 186: 476-479)
 
21. Smaller head of the hippocampus in Gulf War-related post-traumatic stress disorder.  (Vythilgam M, et al.  Psychiatry Res.  Jun 17, 2005 [Epub ahead of print])
 
22. Risk, psychiatry and the military.  (Wessely S.  Br J Psychiatry.  Jun 2005; 186: 459-466)
 
23. War stories: Invited commentary on... Documented combat exposure of US veterans seeking treatment for combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder.  (Wessely S.  Br J Psychiatry.  Jun 2005; 186: 473-475)
 
24. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in soldiers from Fort Campbell, Kentucky returning from Operation Iraqi Freedom highlights diagnostic and therapeutic options.  (Willard RJ, et al.  J Am Acad Dermatol.  Jun 2005; 52(6): 977-987)
 
25. America's neglected veterans: 1.7 million who served have no health coverage.  (Woolhandler S, et al.  Int J Health Serv.  2005; 35(2): 313-323)


Research on Evaluation/Treatment of Chronic Multisymptom Illnesses
 
1. Cognitive behaviour group therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome: a non-randomized waiting list controlled study.  (Bazelmans E, et al.  Psychother Psychosom.  2005; 74(4): 218-224)
 
2. Gray matter volume reduction in the chronic fatigue syndrome.  (de Lange FP, et al.  Neuroimage.  Jul 1, 2005; 26(3): 777-781)
 
3. Chronic fatigue syndrome: the need for subtypes.  (Jason LA, et al.  Neuropsychol Rev.  Mar 2005; 15(1): 29-58)
 
4. Fibromyalgia and headache: an epidemiological study supporting migraine as part of the fibromyalgia syndrome.  (Marcus DA, et al.  Clin Rheumatol.  May 18, 2005 [Epub ahead of print])
 
5. Evaluation of autoantibodies to common and neuronal cell antigens in chronic fatigue syndrome.  (Vernon  SD  , Reeves WC.  J Autoimmune Dis.  May 25 2005; 2(1): 5 [Epub ahead of print])

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